To be more succesful in this new world the businesses cut wages and created poor working conditions. There was a remarkable impact of scientific discoveries on transport and communication and agriculture. And Japan too joined the Industrial Revolution with striking success. (3) Before the onset of Industrial Revolution feudalism collapsed in Britain. The process began in Britain in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world, … Industrialization in England as well as in Europe also gave rise to the idea that workers should have political power. Other European countries lagged far behind. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (4) New inventions and discoveries were applied in agriculture and this resulted in a revolution in agriculture. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. There was a transformation of the whole society. Although some regions of Britain got huge benefit during the Industrial Revolution, the numbers of class conflict movement came up because of the unsable political environment, the occurred of the Luddites was one of the results (Lane, 1978). Harman observes “Productive labour helped create durable products which could be sold either to be consumed by those engaged in other labour or as capital to be used in producing more goods. Objectives. People of knowledge began to wonder about an "industrial revolution", as they saw their country become more and more economically oriented. This particular nature of state brought about numerous ramifications about politics. Government wanted more money for running the administration which could be provided by the capitalists. Its most significant feature is the harnessing of powers of nature far in excess of anything done before, and turning those powers to industrial tasks. There was also during that period a change in political theories: instead of the laissez-faire ideas that dominated the economic and social thought of the classical Industrial Revolution, governments generally moved into the social and economic realm to meet the needs of their more complex industrial societies. Later in the 20th century, the second Industrial Revolution spread to other parts of the world. “Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war, where everyman is enemy of every man…wherein men live without other security, than what their own strength, and their own invention shall furnish them? The Luddites were regarded as anti-modernism group, aimed to against to the industrialization, especially the new manufactory machine (Porter, 1999). Thus both industry and agriculture got favourable opportunity for progress. It is generally observed that the character of state assumed a new character and we call it the class character of state. Political conditions in the other nations also hindered industrial expansion. Learn. There was a state in an industrialized nation whose chief objective was to safeguard the economic and other interest of the dominating section of society. This process began in Britain in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. Polanyi has rightly observed; the labouring people had been crowded together in new places of desolation, the country folk had been dehumanised into slum-dwellers, the family was on the road to perdition and the large parts of the country were rapidly disappearing under the slack and scrap heaps vomited forth from the satanic mills. Before the emergence of revolution in industrial fields people earned their livelihood from agriculture and other fields. They believed that a definite control over the administration would enable them to check the labour trouble. Under the impact of the new atmosphere people became materialist minded. (1) In sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it has been observed, there were tension and instability in the social and political life of Britain and this situation prevented the rise and growth of economy in general and industry in particular. Whereas, the labourers who were the source of wealth were deprived of the benefit of I. R. To sum up, the I. R. divided the entire population into two broad classes or groups—propertied class and non-propertied class. Finally, academically and politically, they finally became dominant. They drew the conclusion that the contradictions were the inevitable products of I. R. Laissez faire may be regarded as an important product of Industrial Revolution. Particularly the landlords sold their agricultural land and invested in industries. The father of this doctrine was Adam Smith (1723-1790). Ownership of the means of production also underwent changes. Alternative occupations were to be found out and this feeling inspired them to go out in search of alternative ways. Trade unions campaigned for higher wages and better worki… Revolution, in social and political science, a major, sudden, and hence typically violent alteration in government and in related associations and structures. A brief treatment of the Industrial Revolution follows. This caused Industrial Revolution. Economically they were dominant. Industrial Revolution, in modern history, the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? 2. The Industrial Revolution began about the middle of the 18th century and lasted through most of the 19th century. They wanted to control state administration so that they could win over the working class. The pertinent question that peeps in our mind is that why did it first originate in Britain? 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